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This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923.This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc.that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process.We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.Equally salient was the irascible ethnic situation in the highly diverse Habsburg Empire, which included an unequally powerful German elite and Hungarian, Serb, Romanian, Croat, Slovene, Czech, and Slovak subjects with diminished linguistic, cultural, and political rights.The Hungarians, who constituted the second most powerful ethnic group in the empire's nascent developing dual monarchy system, bitterly struggled to gain equal franchise with the ethnic Germans.
The immigration of Slovaks and other Slavic peoples was also encouraged alongside Germans to offset Hungarian influence.
History of Settlement, Culture, and Adaptation of Nationality The Nazi period, and the Yugoslav confiscations, forced labour, imprisonment, and emigration of Germans Sources/Bibliography Population Statistics Famous Persons Suggested Websites and Organisations Ethnic German pioneer settlement in the Balkans and Central Europe occurred gradually over many centuries since the 11th century, and in response to numerous political and historical stimuli.
Small populations of German farmers were first invited into Serbia, eastern Bosnia, and Hungary by the Hungarian sovereign Géza II in the 12th century and the Serbian Tsar Dušan the Mighty in the 14th century ().
Despite these minute local distinctions, the German immigrants into the lands of the Habsburg Hungarian Crown and what became Yugoslavia were collectively called Danube Swabians (Donauschwaben), since most settled along the Danube river.
The Danube Swabians who settled in the Banat and Vojvodina regions straddling Serbia, Romania, and Hungary became known as Banat Swabians.